Space, Time, Light

Space, Time, Light

This exhibition provides an in-depth look at Loving’s work from 1977 to 1993—a period of immense transformation for an artist with a keen eye for color and an ever-changing attitude toward form and composition. Chiefly inspired by Henri Matisse, Loving’s first mature works were geometric, hard-edge abstractions, painted in bright colors. His solo show at the Whitney Museum in 1969 featured these bold, simplified color studies. Despite the early critical and commercial success of this exhibition, after 1972, he began his most experimental phase, making use of sweeping expanses of richly colored fabric suspended on the wall. Made from torn canvas, these wall-hangings dispensed with notions of centralized composition, figure/ground separation, and pictorial frame. Their rich and intuitive array of colors stretches irregularly, extending to the floor, encompassing the surrounding space, and engulfing the viewer.

In later years, Loving would continue to employ this experimental spirit. The Art + Practice exhibition charted the moment after the artist turned his focus to the medium of paper. In works such as Wythe Avenue #26 (1993), he combined hundreds of pieces of cut and torn paper into rich and intuitive arrays of color. These swirls and jagged spikes stretch irregularly, spiraling outward, surrounding the space, and engulfing the viewer. These collages, though abstract in form, recall the contemporaneous, ecstatic collages of Romare Bearden, a seminal figure of the Harlem art world of the 1960s. Bearden’s figurative compositions are just as joyous and at times, musical, as Loving’s and served as an important influence for the artist.

Born in Detroit in 1935, Loving relocated to New York in 1968. Unlike other African-American artists whose art focused on the racial politics of the era, Loving was a staunch abstractionist. His works were built upon strict yet simple geometric shapes—often hexagonal or cubic modules. Inspired by Hans Hoffmann (who taught Loving’s mentor Al Mullen), Loving concentrated on the tension between flatness and spatial illusionism. He explored this tension using a hard-edged geometric vocabulary related to Minimalism—as in Untitled, 1969, which uses a strategic layering of cubic forms and juxtaposition of warm and cool colors to create an optical play of three-dimensionality.

Space, Time, Light

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