1979 · United States
Yoon Lee is seen as an established mid-career artist, who was born and brought up in the United States, like other famous artists such as Dawn Clements, Rachel Schmidhoffer, Jari Gaille, Elliott Hundley, and Sam Spano. Yoon Lee was born in 1979.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been key in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war period, when the cultural prominence of New York assumed primacy over Paris, formerly considered as the most significant art hub in the world. Leading art movements established and cultivated in extensive ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern repetitions of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary period, the United States has exercised a powerful influence over the worldwide visual culture, due to the authority of its economic and political systems. Key examples of important U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Yoon Lee
Yoon Lee was born in 1979 and was primarily influenced creatively by the 1990s. A collective of artists working in the United Kingdom, who came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, defined the artistic culture of the 1990s. Affiliated loosely by their age and nationality, they were a varied collective of practitioners. A number of the YBAs attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by the ‘super collector’ of the time, Charles Saatchi. The most well known member of the group is Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). The YBAs became famous for their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, alongside their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was defiant yet entrepreneurial. Due to the high amount of media coverage that they received, they dominated British art during the 1990s, and their work was epitomised in the group show ‘Sensation’. Relational Aesthetics, a term coined by curator Nicholas Bourriaud to describe the act of creating art based on human relations and their social context, became a key idea in the 1990s. Works by artists like Douglas Gordon, Gillian Wearing, Philippe Parenno and Liam Gillick were described as significant artists who worked to this agenda.