1933 · Japan
Yoko Ono is a conceptual and performing artist, as well as an experimental musician and activist. Since the beginning of her career, she firmly refused the materiality of art, the boundaries between the arts, and between art and life. This rejection is expressed by the consistent attempt to engage the audience in the artistic performance. Many of her works are therefore based on oral or written instructions given to the public to arouse interaction. Inspired by Dadaism (especially by the activity of Marcel Duchamp and John Cage), Yoko Ono joined the Fluxus movement and created humorous and provocative artworks, both independently and along with her late husband, John Lennon. Peace, imagination, feminism are to the heart of her production. Ono moved to New York from Japan with her family in the early 1950s, and there pursued her education and became a groundbreaking figure in the underground scene. During her life, she has lived and has worked in New York, London and Tokyo and is still creatively active nowadays. Despite the obscuration of her artistic career due to the media attention given to her private life, many of her artworks and performances are considered as unprecedented and remarkable, "Painting to Be Stepped On" (1960–1961), "Grapefruit" (1964), "Cut Piece" (1964), and "Bed-in for peace" (1969), among others. Her work has been displayed in collections worldwide, including The Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, and the National Gallery of Art in Washington D.C.