1950 · United States
Wlliam Mackendree is an established contemporary visual artist, who originates from the United States. Wlliam Mackendree was born in 1950. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Jenny Holzer, Bill Viola, Carrie Mae Weems, Cindy Sherman and Jeff Koons.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a prominent country in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war era, when the cultural importance of New York asserted its influence over Paris, previously thought of as the most powerful art hub worldwide. Major art movements established and fostered in extensive ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern repetitions of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has cultivated a powerful influence over the worldwide visual culture, due to the authority of its economic and political systems. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Wlliam Mackendree
Born in 1950, Wlliam Mackendree was predominantly inspired by the 1970s. The art sphere of the 1970s was characterized by a wish to grow and strengthen itself, as a response to the many conflicts of the previous decade. One of the most central movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which appeared as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative journey of Process art materialized by combining essential elements of Conceptualism with further reflections on art itself. The initial ideas of environmentalism sprung from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, sculpting the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly resurfaced and regained its prominence, predominantly in Germany through the works of critically acclaimed figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The city of New York remained as the most prominent artistic hub of the decade, with global artists wandering through the downtown scene, visiting bars and art galleries, strengthening the idea of New York City as a cosmopolitan and refined cultural capital. In the eastern part of the globe, Japanese and Korean artists who held a strong interest in the European ideas of phenomenology, allied with the Mono-Ha movement, exploring and shifting the boundaries between natural and industrial materials. Using stone, glass, cotton, sponge, wood, oil and water, they intended to create life to artworks that would accentuate the ephemeral state of these various elements and their surroundings, playing with their interdependency.