1941 · United States
William Leavitt is an established contemporary visual artist, who originates from the United States. William Leavitt was born in 1941. Also born in the United States around 1941 and of the same generation are Chuck Close, Dale Chihuly, Bruce Nauman, James Turrell and Barbara Kruger.
Galleries and Exhibitions
William Leavitt's work is available on display in several galleries around the globe such as in France and the United States. Some of those galleries are Galerie Frank Elbaz | Paris in France, as well as Honor Fraser and Cirrus Gallery in the United States. William Leavitt most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Galeria Pedro Cera in Lisbon with the exhibition Mythologies of a Sublime. The exhibition was open from 13 September 2018 until 31 October 2018.
Historical Context of United States
The United States, particularly New York city, endures as a central point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly influential art hub appeared in the post war era, and the city thrived in asserting its dominance over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful global art centre. The authority of the political and economic institutions of the United States in the modern era has granted the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are essential art movements that emerged in the US. These very movements also echoed into a multitude of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for William Leavitt
William Leavitt was born in 1941, grew up during the 1960s and was influenced by the artistic culture of the time. The 1960s were a sensational decade internationally, bearing witness to proliferation of modernist ideas and trends. It was the era of Kennedy and Kruschev, and the start of the Cold War, which would endure for most of the second half of the twentieth century, and was epitomised most symbolically by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The Iron Curtain divided Eastern and Western Europe, both ideologically and literally, and student political uprisings took place around the world. Psychedelia, an vast increase in consumerism, and the associated trends of marketing and advertising further epitomised the era. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, focused solely on line, colour and geometric form as key elements of both painting and sculpture. The main figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Pop Art was an influential offshoot of minimalism, a discipline made famous by through the work of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley. Around the world many artistic movements resonated the artistic concerns of the above mentioned movements, often with regional specialisms and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni established Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker espoused similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of creativity for creatives, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti achieving international prominence for their idiosyncratic approaches to the human form and the angst related to the human condition.