1957 · United States
William Allen is seen as an established artist, who was born and brought up in the United States. William Allen was born in 1957. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Bill Viola, Tony Oursler, Cindy Sherman and Keith Haring.
Historical Context of United States
The US, in particular New York city, remains as a focal point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new multinational and highly influential art hub appeared in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its supremacy over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful international art centre. The authority of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has provided the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are significant art movements that blossomed in the United States. These very movements also reverberated into a multitude of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for William Allen
Born in 1957, William Allen's creative work was primarily influenced by the 1970s. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and development in the arts, most often characterised as a response to the dominant stresses of the previous decade. Conceptual art developed as a influential movement, a partial evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the works of art into the expansive outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and engaging with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal reflections, creating cryptic and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain prominence for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years before, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly respected figures worldwide. Many of the artists who became so famous and successful in the 1960s remained leading figures. For example, Andy Warhol branched out into film and magazine publishing, the first type of pan cultural activity for a visual artist. This secured his reputation as a globally renowned celebrity in his own right. n Japan and Korea, artists associated with the Mono-Ha movement focused on encounters between natural and industrial materials such as stone, glass, cotton, sponge, wood, oil and water, arranging them in mostly unaltered, fleeting conditions. The works focused on the interdependency of these various elements and the surrounding space, and had a strong interest in the European philosophy of phenomenology.