1912 · United States
Tony Smith is an established artist, who originates from the United States. Tony Smith was born in 1912. Born in the same country and around the same year are Dorothea Tanning, Louise Bourgeois, Agnes Martin, Jackson Pollock and Philip Guston.
Tony Smith's work is available on display in multiple galleries listed on Artland. Some of those galleries are PACE | New York, Matthew Marks Gallery | 526 West 22nd Street, and Matthew Marks Gallery | 523 West 24th Street in the United States.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been key in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war period, when the cultural status of New York assumed primacy over Paris, previously thought of as the most powerful art hub internationally. Leading art movements developed and fostered in important ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern repetitions of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary period, the United States has exercised a prevailing influence over the worldwide visual culture, due to the hegemony of its economic and political systems. Key examples of important U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Tony Smith
Tony Smith was born in 1912 and was predominantly inspired creatively by the 1930s growing up. Throughout the 1930s, many political ideologies such as Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism were engaged in struggles for power, and characterised the political atmosphere of the period. In the United States, the Great Depression had a severe impact on artistic output, and artists began to focus on the idea of humility and of the ordinary man on the streets. The focus of art in the United States also began to take a more political turn for the first time, and artists used these topics and ideas to attempt to impact society. Themes such as poverty, lack of affordable housing, anti-lynching, anti-fascism, and workers' strikes became prevalent in the work of a number of artists.