1984 · France
Sophie Giraux is an established mid-career contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in France, like other celebrated artists such as Stéphanie Nava, Bertrand Fournier, Clémentine Schneidermann, Gérard Schlosser, and Kathleen Meier. Sophie Giraux was born in 1984.
Sophie Giraux' exhibition
Historical Context of France
France strikes out as one of the most influential agents of modernism. What is today referred to as the avant-garde was established in the first half of the nineteenth century, and included innovative and ground-breaking movements such as Impressionism, Post-impressionism and Art Nouveau, led by key figures of the art sphere. Critically praised and leading French artists from the beginning of the twentieth century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, although he initially was a Spanish national who relocated in France, as well as Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier, to name a few. Paris was considered to be the most influential and intellectual artistic centre at the onset of the century and contributed to the development of such vital movements as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others, which flourished in the post war era.
Further Biographical Context for Sophie Giraux
Born in 1984, Sophie Giraux was predominantly influenced by the 1990s growing up. Art in the 1990s was defined at the beginning of the decade by a group of artists in the United Kingdom that came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists. They were a diverse collective of artists, affiliated loosely by their age, nationality, and their association with Goldsmiths and the Royal College of Art in London, alongside being favoured by super collector of the time Charles Saatchi. The most famous artist of the group is Damien Hirst, who was also an early organiser of group activities. Other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Wood. Much of their work became famous for shock tactics and the sensationalism of both material and message. They also became known for their use of throwaway materials, wild-living, and an attitude that was simultaneously counter-culture rebellion but also entrepreneurial. They gained considerable amount of media coverage and dominated British art during the decade. Their international shows in the mid-1990s included the now legendary ‘Sensation'. Also gaining prominence at this time was a developing trend in Japan related to the huge boom in advertising and consumerism that took place during the economic dominance of the 1980s. The indigenous comic book culture of manga, allied to trends in advertising, graphic design and packaging, saw a young artist called Takashi Murakami develop his theories which he coined ’Superflat’. Influenced by his experiences in New York City in the mid-1990s, Murakami was to form an influential group called Kaikaikiki, which became internationally renowned as an artistic group.