1957 · Italy
Saturno Alessandro is an established contemporary visual artist, who originates from Italy, like other celebrated artists such as Daniele Innamorato, Beatrice Pediconi, Marco Piemonte, Matteo Cremonesi, and Afonso Mfumu. Saturno Alessandro was born in 1957.
Historical Context of Italy
Italy has been vastly rich in cultural power since the time of the Romans, this classical period has exerted a significant influence on the cultural development and distinctiveness of the country. Italy is also the country of the Renaissance, called 'Rinascita' in Italian, signifying 'rebirth'. The Renaissance has been considered, from the early 1400s, as the first major blossoming of cultural sophistication in art, architecture, music, poetry, philosophy and politics since the Middle Ages. In the modern and contemporary period, Italy was afflicted by the fascism of Mussolini but has nevertheless remained as an important focal point for artistic expression, initiating movements such as Futurism, Arte Povera and the Minimalism related to the Zero Movement, as well as the expressive painting of the Transavanguardia. Important Italian artists of the twentieth and twenty first centuries include Giorgio Di Chirico, Giacomo Balla, Giorgio Morandi, Alberto Giacometti, Lucio Fontana, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Francesco Clemente and Mimmo Paladino.
Further Biographical Context for Saturno Alessandro
Saturno Alessandro was born in 1957 and was primarily inspired by the 1970s. The art sphere of the 1970s was epitomized by a wish to grow and reinforce itself, as a response to the many tensions of the previous decade. One of the most important movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which appeared as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative voyage of Process art emerged by combining essential elements of Conceptualism with further considerations on art itself. The initial ideas of environmentalism bounced from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, carving the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the regression of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly resurfaced and regained its prominence, especially in Germany through the works of world renowned figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The city of New York persisted as the most prominent artistic hub of the decade, with international artists wandering through the downtown scene, visiting bars and art galleries, consolidating the idea of New York City as a cosmopolitan and sophisticated cultural capital. In the eastern part of the globe, Japanese and Korean artists who showed a strong interest in the European ideas of phenomenology, associated with the Mono-Ha movement, exploring and shifting the frontiers between natural and industrial materials. Using stone, glass, cotton, sponge, wood, oil and water, they aimed to give life to artworks that would accentuate the ephemeral state of these various elements and their surroundings, playing with their interdependency.