Rudolf Maeglin

1892 · Switzerland

Artist biography

Rudolf Maeglin is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born in Switzerland, like other renowned artists such as Olivier Richon, Hélène Binet, Zilla Leutenegger, Katharina Berthold, and Urs Lüthi. Rudolf Maeglin was born in 1892.

Rudolf Maeglin's Gallery representation

Rudolf Maeglin is represented and exhibited by Galerie Carzaniga in Basel, Switzerland.

Historical Context of Switzerland

Perhaps the most significant Swiss contribution to the development of Modernism was the formation of the Dada movement in Zurich in 1916. Its founding members included Hugo Ball, Tristan Tzara, Jean Arp and Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Emmy Hennings, and Marcel Janco. Their headquarters, the Cabaret Voltaire, quickly became an significant centre of the artistic and intellectual avant-garde, with the political neutrality Switzerland being a haven from political instability elsewhere in Europe. Beforehand, Switzerland had produced some quirky and distinctive artists in the Post-Impressionist period of the early twentieth century, including Ferdinand Hodler and Felix Vallotton. Another key movement that can be attributed to a Swiss artist was the ‘International Style’ of modernist architecture, pioneered by Le Corbusier. Le Corbusier might have become a French citizen in 1930, but he was born Charles-Édouard Jeanneret in the Neuchâtel canton of Switzerland in 1887. Indeed, his first autonomous projects were realized in his hometown of La Chaux-de-Fonds, including proto modern domestic villas for affluent local clients. Remarkable Swiss artists of the twentieth century include Jean Tingely, Alberto Giacometti, John Armleder, Pipilotti Rist and Thomas Hirschhorn.

Further Biographical Context for Rudolf Maeglin

Born in 1892, Rudolf Maeglin's creative work was largely influenced by the 1900s and 1910s. The first major Post-impressionism movement in the first years of the twentieth century is generally considered to be the Fauves, a group for whom vivid, other-worldly colours and vibrant brushstrokes were a key component of painting, and who counted Henri Matisse among their numbers. In Paris at the same time, a young Pablo Picasso painted his lauded Blue and Rose periods. By the end of the decade, along with Georges Braque, he had developed the first fracturing of pictorial reality with Analytical Cubism. The horrors of the First World War hatched significant developments in the psychological applications of art, including the absurdist stylings of Dadaism which appeared in Paris, Berlin, Zurich and Hannover, and which brought recognition for artists like Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. Many of these ideas would go on to flourish further in Surrealism - the first art movement to fully incorporate psychology, and in particular ideas about the unconscious which had been established by Sigmund Freud and his follower Carl Jung.