1923 - 1997 · United States
Roy Lichtenstein was an American visual artist, known as a key figure in the Pop art movement. His works are inspired by the stylisation of comics and advertisements in the early 1960s.
Born on October 27, 1923 in New York, NY, he studied painting under Reginald Marsh at the Art Students League of New York. After the Second World War Lichtenstein pursuited his degree at Ohio State University while producing paintings in the vein of Abstract Expressionism which he familiarized with during his involvement in the US Army in France. In the early 1960s, Lichtenstein works begun to be exhibited at Leo Castelli gallery in New York, and became famous with works such as Drowing Girl (1963).
Roy Lichtenstein's artistic approach is recognisable by the mastery of the black line which frames curved forms and by the printing of comic strips enlarges that these immense canvases give. The use of ben-day, a halftone printing technique (by lines of dots) allowing the obtaining of a colour without gradients is combined with a palette of intense colours which gives off a great expressiveness. The composition of his paintings uses the codes of the vignette with a quadrilateral format and the insertion of bubbles with text. The characters come to life through stories that are most often dramatic, which Roy Lichtenstein counterbalances with a glamorous design embodied in women using the codes of American stars of the time. Through his paintings, he aims to manifest his keen interest in life, love and death alongside for modern American society. Lichtenstein's genius is having been able to transform the fictional storytelling of comic strips into a very personal artistic work and a satiric analysis of the American Dream.
Roy Lichtenstein passed away on September 29, 1997 in New York, NY. Today, his works are displayed in the collections of the Art Institute of Chicago, The Museum of Modern Art in New York, the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., and the Tate Modern in London.