Randall W.L. Mooers
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been key in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war period, when the cultural status of New York assumed primacy over Paris, formerly thought of as the most powerful art centre worldwide. Major art movements developed and cultivated in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern iterations of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has exercised a powerful influence over the international visual culture, due to the dominion of its economic and political institutions. Key examples of important U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.