1979 · Italy
Raffaella Crispino is an established mid-career contemporary artist, who originates from Italy, like other renowned artists such as Emiliano Furia, Edgar Pires, Margherita Martinelli, Gianni Dova, and Alessandro Vitali. Raffaella Crispino was born in 1979.
Historical Context of Italy
The classical period of the Romans has exerted a consequential influence on the cultural and intellectual evolution of Italy, contributing to the uniqueness of the country and its immense artistic legacy. Italy is also the country that epitomizes the Renaissance, “Riniscita” in its original language, which signifies “rebirth”. From the early 1400s, the Renaissance has been an intense era of cultural and political awakenings, inducing revivals in art, architecture, music, poetry and philosophy. Although significantly affected by the fascism of Mussolini in the modern and contemporary period, Italy has never lost its place as one of the most powerful artistic centres, home to cutting-edge movements such as Futurism and Arte Povera, as well as the expressive painting of the Transavanguardia and the Minimalism related to the Zero Movement. Some highly eminent Italian artists from the twentieth and twenty first centuries include Giorgio Di Chirico, Giacomo Balla, Giorgio Morandi, Alberto Giacometti, Lucio Fontana, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Francesco Clemente and Mimmo Paladino.
Further Biographical Context for Raffaella Crispino
Born in 1979, Raffaella Crispino was predominantly inspired by the 1980s. The 1980s were a tumultuous time culturally, and were marked by growing global capitalism, global mass media, significant discrepancies in wealth, alongside a distinctive sense of music and fashion, epitomised by electronic pop music and hip hop. Artists growing up during this time were heavily influenced by this cultural atmosphere. The 1980s were an important decade in terms of politics, marked by the African Famine and the end of the Cold War, which was signified by the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Neo Geo and The Pictures Generation became leading art movements during the decade, alongside Neo-Expressionism which became well-known in Germany, France and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). Artists such as Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel were leading artists of the era, alongside Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf, who established the street art and graffiti movements.