Polly Ionides was a creative artist. Polly Ionides was born in 1942. Artists born in the same year and of the same generation are Henry Huai Xu, Chen Cheng-Hsiung, Rosalba De Mucci, Françoise Baudru, and Anthony Clark.
Further Biographical Context for Polly Ionides
Polly Ionides was born in 1942 and grew up during the 1960s and was inspired by the artistic culture of the time. The astronomical impact of the 1960s was truly sensational across the globe. Representative of a time stirring both faith and anger, the 1960s prompted an explosion of cutting-edge ideologies and movements, truly sensational and spectacular. Historically established in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly powerful impact worldwide, largely defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The significant boom of mass consumerism also defined the era, generating new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism developed the central idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the real world. Born of a desire to erase all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key figures. Minimalism became significant through the works of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley, while Pop art was an essential by-product of the latter, at the same time critiquing and glorifying popular culture. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, distinctive to different areas or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism strongly influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who sought to depict the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the haunting angst of the meaninglessness of life.