1944 · United Kingdom
Phyllida Barlow is an established contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in the United Kingdom. Phyllida Barlow was born in 1944. Artists Maggi Hambling, Richard Cook and Phyllida Barlow are of the same generation and same country as Phyllida Barlow.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Phyllida Barlow's work is available on display in multiple galleries around the globe such as in the United Kingdom, Switzerland, and the United States. Galleries include Hauser & Wirth London | Savile Row in the United Kingdom, Hauser & Wirth | Zurich in Switzerland, as well as Hauser & Wirth | West 22nd Street in the United States. Phyllida Barlow's work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition tilt at Hauser & Wirth | West 22nd Street in New York, the United States. The exhibition was open from 14 November 2018 until 22 December 2018.
Historical Context of United Kingdom
Britain has been a crucial hub for artistic production for centuries. While it accrued tremendous wealth through colonisation and the ascent of its Empire, it was also unsheltered from the cultural influences of other countries and continents. Throughout the modern era, Britain had been significantly overshadowed by the status of its European neighbours on one side, and of the United States on the other. But in the late 19th century, Britain became a significant hub in the development of the avant-garde. This includes the Arts and Crafts Movement, a major movement paving the way for artist-led organisations, groups and organisational co-operative types that would later become into a template of sorts for bohemian artists movements of the Twentieth Century. Ground-breaking artistic movements in British modernism include for example Vorticism, involving artists associated with the Bloomsbury group. Some noteworthy British artists of the modern and contemporary era include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley, Paula Rego - and in more recent years the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Chris Ofili and others.
Further Biographical Context for Phyllida Barlow
Born in 1944, Phyllida Barlow was predominantly influenced by the 1960s. The 1960s were a sensational decade internationally, witnessing a great increase of modernist philosophies and trends. It was the era of Kennedy and Kruschev, and the start of the Cold War, which would endure for most of the second half of the twentieth century, and was characterised most symbolically by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The Iron Curtain divided Eastern and Western Europe, both ideologically and literally, and student political uprisings took place globally. Psychedelia, an vast increase in consumerism, and the associated trends of marketing and advertising further defined the era. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, focused solely on line, colour and geometric form as key elements of both painting and sculpture. The main figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Pop Art was a prominent offshoot of minimalism, a discipline made famous by through the work of artists like Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley. Globally, a number of artistic movements resonated the creative concerns of the previously mentioned movements, often with regional specialties and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni established Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker espoused similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of creativity for creatives, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti becoming known worldwide for their idiosyncratic approaches to the human form and the angst related to the human condition.