Phillip King

1934 · United Kingdom

Artist biography

Phillip King is an established contemporary artist, who originates from the United Kingdom. Phillip King was born in 1934. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Howard Hodgkin, Patrick Caulfield, Norman Ackroyd, Gillian Ayres and David Hockney.

Phillip King's Gallery representation

Phillip King is represented by Thomas Dane Gallery in London, the United Kingdom.

Historical Context of United Kingdom

The United Kingdom has been an important centre for artistic production for centuries. While it accrued considerable wealth through colonisation and the rise of its Empire, it was also exposed to the cultural influences of other countries and continents. In the modern era, Britain had been significantly overshadowed by the reputation of its European neighbours on one side, and of the United States on the other. But towards the end of the 19th century, Britain became a significant centre in the development of the avant-garde. This includes the Arts and Crafts Movement, a cutting-edge movement setting the tone for artist-led organisations, associations and organisational co-operative types that would later develop into a template of sorts for bohemian artists movements of the Twentieth Century. Ground-breaking artistic movements that epitomize British modernism include for instance Vorticism, comprised of artists part of the Bloomsbury group. Some noteworthy British artists of the modern and contemporary period include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley, Paula Rego - and in more recent years the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Chris Ofili and others.

Further Biographical Context for Phillip King

Phillip King was born in 1934 and was predominantly influenced creatively by the 1950s growing up. Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that explored ideas of spirituality and the sublime, dominated the 1950s. A number of artists focused on the formal properties of painting, and action painting was influenced by the political freedom of the United States, in opposition to the strict nature of the Soviet bloc. Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb were predominant artists of this time. The male dominated environment has been subsequently revised to acknowledge the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.

Phillip King

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