1923 - 2013 · Netherlands
Peter Royen was a creative artist, who was born in the Netherlands. Born in 1923, Peter Royen passed away in 2013. Artists Christiaan Karel Appel, Dick Bruna and Ad Dekkers are of the same generation and same country as Peter Royen.
Peter Royen's exhibition
Peter Royen's work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition Schwarz / Weiss - Peter Royen trifft at Dierking in Zurich, Switzerland. The exhibition was open from 03 December 2019 until 13 February 2020.
Historical Context of Netherlands
The Netherlands has been established as an artistic and cultural centre for centuries, for instance through the international influence of renowned artists such as Jan van Eyck in the fifteenth century. In the 1600s, the Dutch Golden Age saw the emergence of such distinguished artists as Rembrandt, Rubens, Vermeer, Van Dyck and Van Ruisdael. Dutch artist Vincent Van Gogh is considered as one of the most significant forerunners of the post-Impressionist period and is seen today as an extraordinary, outstanding painter that has influenced the art sphere regardless of any era or movement. At first established as a magazine, De Stijl was a movement that established abstract art in the Netherlands, led by Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesberg. De Stijl artists would espouse a visual language solely composed of geometrical shapes, and the movement also had a profound influence on modern architecture as well as design. Gerrit Rietveld was a prominent architect and designer who embraced the ideals and the essence of De Stijl in his work. Willem de Kooning was also a Dutch national, though he relocated to the United States in the earlier years of his life, and his work was predominantly influenced by the Abstract Expressionism movement thriving in New York City in the late 1940s and 1950s.
Further Biographical Context for Peter Royen
Peter Royen was born in 1923 and was predominantly inspired creatively by the 1930s. globally this period can be best characterised by the duelling of the world’s foremost political philosophies - Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism. The era assumed a sinister turn with the advent of National Socialism in Germany, and Adolf Hitler’s rise to power in 1933. The decade would conclude in the inset on the Second World War; a political and social uproar that preoccupied not only artists, but great swathes of the global population.