1934 · United States
Peter Hujar is seen as an established contemporary artist, who originates from the United States. Peter Hujar was born in 1934. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Yoko Ono, Jim Dine, Eva Hesse, Joan Jonas, Frank Stella and Ed Ruscha.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Multiple galleries around the world represent and exhibit Peter Hujar's work, including galleries in countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States. Some of those galleries are Maureen Paley in London, as well as Alexander and Bonin and Pace/MacGill Gallery in New York. Peter Hujar's other most recent exhibitions listed on Artland include the exhibitions at; Bureau in the United States (30 January 2020 - 07 March 2020) with the name Beauty Can Be the Opposite of a Number and PACE | New York in the United States (13 September 2019 - 18 October 2019) with the name Master Class.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been key in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war period, when the cultural status of New York assumed primacy over Paris, formerly considered as the most significant art hub in the world. Major art movements developed and fostered in extensive ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern iterations of these many types. In the modern and contemporary age, the United States has cultivated a prevailing influence over the international visual culture, due to the hegemony of its economic and political institutions. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Peter Hujar
Peter Hujar was born in 1934 and was primarily influenced creatively by the 1950s. Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that studied ideas of spirituality and the sublime, dominated the 1950s. Many artists concentrated on the formal properties of painting, and action painting took inspiration from the political freedom of the United States, as opposed to the strict strictures of the Soviet bloc. Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb were predominant artists of this time. The male dominated environment has been subsequently revised to acknowledge the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.