1956 · Spain
Galleries and Exhibitions
Pelayo Ortega's work is on display at Galería Marlborough | Madrid in Spain. Pelayo Ortega most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Galería Marlborough | Madrid in Spain (08 January 2020 until 07 February 2020) with the exhibition Grabado Español Contemporáneo.
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was significant in developing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose phases, although he would eventually relocate to France in 1904, Picasso revealed a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also thought to be the most influential original member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. Though they were settled in France for the majority part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly prominent figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural landscape of Spain during the twentieth century was controlled by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco, whose regime dominated the country from 1939 to 1975. His passing prompted a restitution of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who thus reformed the State. The Franco dictatorship, typified by an intense anti-communist position, led to the exodus of major intellectual and cultural figures, decided to escape this oppressive regime. The artistic and cultural blossoming of the avant-garde were greatly affected by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are commonly associated with leftist inclinations. Some critically acclaimed modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Pelayo Ortega
Pelayo Ortega was born in 1956 and was predominantly influenced by the 1970s. Conceptualism is often perceived as a reaction to Minimalism, and the leading art movement of the 1970s, challenging the boundaries of art with its revolutionary features. The movements that succeeded were all representative of a strong desire to progress and strengthen the art world, in response to the tensions of the previous decade. Process art branched out from Conceptualism, featuring some of its most crucial aspects, but going further in creating mysterious and experimental artistic journeys, while Land Art brought creation to the outdoors, initiating early ideas of environmentalism. In Germany, Expressive figure painting was given another chance for the first time since the weakening of Abstract Expressionism almost two decades, the genre reclaimed its distinction through the brushstrokes of Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. Most of the critically acclaimed artists from the 1960s, who had gained success and popularity, kept their status in the 1970s. Andy Warhol was a key figure of those two decades, and in the 1970s started to experiment with film and magazine publishing, thus engaging in a cross-platform activity that no other visual artist of such standard had previously undertaken. By doing so, he secured his status as a celebrity. The Arte Povera movement, which emerged in Italy, received global acknowledgement in the 1970s, and leading figures such as Jannis Kounnelis, Mario Merz, and Michelangelo Pistoletto were praised.
- Galleries Representing this Artist