Paul Frédéric Joseph Alphonse Julien
1901 · Netherlands
Paul Frédéric Joseph Alphonse Julien is a contemporary artist considered well established, who was born and brought up in the Netherlands. Paul Frédéric Joseph Alphonse Julien was born in 1901. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Willem de Kooning and Jean Helion.
Paul Frédéric Joseph Alphonse Julien in private collections
It is the collector Marcos_HLM, who is in possession of art by Paul Frédéric Joseph Alphonse Julien at Artland. Marcos_HLM also has works by other artists including Liam Fallon, Sarah Derat, and Qafar Rzayev.
Historical Context of Netherlands
The Netherlands has been recognised as an artistic and cultural capital for centuries, for instance through the international influence of renowned artists such as Jan van Eyck in the fifteenth century. In the 1600s, the Dutch Golden Age saw the rise of such illustrious artists as Rembrandt, Rubens, Vermeer, Van Dyck and Van Ruisdael. Dutch artist Vincent Van Gogh is considered as one of the most significant forerunners of the post-Impressionist era and is still regarded as an extraordinary, unprecedented painter that has influenced the art sphere regardless of any era or movement. At first established as a magazine, De Stijl was a movement that established abstract art in the Netherlands, led by Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesberg. De Stijl artists would adopt a visual language solely composed of geometrical shapes, and the movement also had a significant influence on modern architecture as well as design. Gerrit Rietveld was a prominent architect and designer who embraced the ideals and the essence of De Stijl in his work. Willem de Kooning was also a Dutch national, though he migrated to the United States in the earlier years of his life, and his work was largely influenced by the Abstract Expressionism movement prosperous in New York City in the late 1940s and 1950s.
Further Biographical Context for Paul Frédéric Joseph Alphonse Julien
Born in 1901, Paul Frédéric Joseph Alphonse Julien's creative work was largely inspired by the 1920s. The key innovations established in the early years of the 20th century were matured further in the 1920s and 1930s. This period established the careers of many radical and inspiring practitioners in the pictorial arts. However it was a period of reflection following the horrors of the First World War, and major shifts in politics took place internationally. The philosophy of Marxism was widespread among artist communities and groups. In Paris, artists such as Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine established methods of art which were expressive and dynamic. Surrealism continued to mature in the 1920s and 1930s, and focused on the human unconscious and Freudian theory. Important artists to arise from this movement were Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Surrealism spread as an ideology worldwide due to its cultural importance, and grew to become the key expressive mode of the 1920s. It was aided by the liberal characteristics of Weimar Republic in Germany, and flourished under this way of thinking.