1936 - 2005 · United Kingdom
Patrick Caulfield was a visual artist, who was born in the United Kingdom. Patrick Caulfield was born in 1936 and died in 2005. Also born in the United Kingdom around 1936 and of the same generation are Howard Hodgkin, Patrick Caulfield, Norman Ackroyd, Gillian Ayres and David Hockney.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Patrick Caulfield's work is on display in two galleries, which are Alan Wheatley Art in London, the United Kingdom and Gallery Boisserée in Cologne, Germany. Patrick Caulfield's work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition Outlines at Austin / Desmond Fine Art in London, the United Kingdom. The exhibition was open from 11 February 2020 until 26 March 2020.
Historical Context of United Kingdom
Through colonisation and the resulting ascent of its Empire, the United Kingdom reached the status of a giant, although the wealth and economic power did not shelter it from the obvious cultural authority of other continents and countries. With the United States on one side and its European neighbours on the other, Britain had been to a rather significant extent eclipsed by their respective influence on the art of the modern period. But it is towards the end of the nineteenth century that it truly became an essential and crucial agent in the development of the avant-garde, through radical and progressive trends such at the Arts and Crafts Movement, which would become essential to the further development of bohemian artists movements or other artist-led organisation of the twentieth century. Vorticism is a significant movement, essentially distinctive of British modernism, it involved artists known for their association to the Bloomsbury group. A few critically significant British artists of the modern and contemporary era include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley and Paula Rego among others – as well as the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn and Chris Ofili, in more recent years.
Further Biographical Context for Patrick Caulfield
Born in 1936, Patrick Caulfield was predominantly influenced by the 1950s. It can be said that the 1950s were dominated by Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that prioritised dramatic brushstrokes and expressed ideas about organic nature, spirituality and the sublime. Much of the focus was on the formal properties of painting, and ideas of action painting were unified with the political freedom of the United States society as opposed to the strict nature of the Soviet bloc. Influential artists of the Abstract Expressionist Generation included Jackson Pollock (who innovated his famed drip, splatter and pour painting techniques), Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. It was a male dominated environment, but necessary reassessment of this period has emphasised the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.