1977 · United States
Michael Joseph is is an established, mid-career contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in the United States, like other prominent artists such as David Row, Elizabeth Cambron, Josh Hagler, Jeffrey Conley, and Stephen Pentak. Michael Joseph was born in 1977.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been key in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war era, when the cultural prominence of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly thought of as the most significant art hub worldwide. Major art movements developed and fostered in important ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variants, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern iterations of these many types. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has exercised a powerful influence upon the global visual culture, due to the dominion of its economic and political structures. Key examples of important U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Michael Joseph
Michael Joseph was born in 1977 and was largely influenced creatively by the 1990s. In the United Kingdom, a group of artists known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, dominated the artistic culture of the decade. They were a loosely affiliated and diverse group, connected generally by their age and nationality. A number of the members had attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by Charles Saatchi, the ‘super collector’ of art at the time. The most well-known member of YBAs is arguably Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). Through their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, the YBAs gained a controversial reputation image which was further fuelled by their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was at the same time rebellious and entrepreneurial. The group was predominant in the British art scene in the 1990s and their group show ‘Sensation’ is now viewed as legendary. Relational Aesthetics, a term coined by curator Nicholas Bourriaud to describe the act of making art based on human relations and their social context, became a key idea in the 1990s. Works by artists such as Douglas Gordon, Gillian Wearing, Philippe Parenno and Liam Gillick were described as important artists who worked to this idea.