Martha Rosler

1943 · United States

Artist biography

Martha Rosler is an established contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in the United States. Martha Rosler was born in 1943. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Chuck Close, Robert Mappelthorpe, Bruce Nauman, Laurie Andersen and Barbara Kruger.

Galleries and Exhibitions

Martha Rosler's work is available on display in 4 galleries around the globe, such as in Spain, the United States, and Germany. Some of those galleries are espaivisor – Galería Visor in Valencia, Mitchell-Innes & Nash | Chelsea in New York, as well as Galerie Nagel Draxler in Berlin. Martha Rosler's work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition American Women, The infinite journey at Galerie Valérie Bach in Brussels, Belgium. The exhibition was open from 08 January 2020 until 20 March 2020. Martha Rosler's other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions; An American in the 21st Century (06 May 2019 - 06 September 2019) at Galleria Raffaella Cortese in Italy and ARTISTS USE PHOTOGRAPHY (29 March 2019 - 10 May 2019) at Praz-Delavallade | Los Angeles in the United States. Martha Rosler's first recorded exhibition in Artland's database was called The year the future began and took place at Galerie Nagel Draxler oHG| Cologne in Germany from the 25 May 2018 to 31 August 2018.

Historical Context of United States

The United States has been a major country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war period, when the cultural importance of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly considered as the most important art centre internationally. Leading art movements established and cultivated in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern echoes of these many types. In the modern and contemporary period, the United States has exercised a strong influence over the worldwide visual culture, due to the hegemony of its economic and political systems. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Martha Rosler

Born in 1943, Martha Rosler's creative work was primarily inspired by the 1960s. The 1960s were an explosive decade internationally, bearing witness to proliferation of modernist ideas and trends. It was the era of Kennedy and Kruschev, and the beginning of the Cold War, which would endure for most of the second half of the 20th century, and was characterised most symbolically by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The Iron Curtain divided Eastern and Western Europe, both ideologically and literally, and student political uprisings took place globally. Psychedelia, an massive increase in consumerism, and the associated trends of marketing and advertising further defined the era. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, based solely on line, colour and geometric form as key components of both painting and sculpture. The key figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Colour Field painting, as practiced by Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler, further developed some of the expressive notions of Abstract Expressionism, but stripped away much of the rhetoric, instead approaching a more rule-based approach to surface and colour that associated this practice with Minimalism. Globally, many artistic movements resonated the artistic concerns of the above mentioned movements, often with regional specialisms and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni developed Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker adopted similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of creativity for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti achieving international prominence for their distinctive approaches to the human form and the angst related to the human condition.

Martha Rosler