1976 · United Kingdom
Maria Calandra is an established mid-career artist, who was born in the United Kingdom. Maria Calandra was born in 1976. Born in the same country and around the same year are Banksy, Idris Khan and Annie Morris.
Maria Calandra is at the moment exhibiting at Sardine in New York with the exhibition The World is Ending (29 February 2020 - 05 April 2020). Maria Calandra's other most recent exhibitions listed on Artland include the exhibitions at; Transmitter in New York (21 November 2019 - 14 December 2019) with the name Under Time of Lampshades and Klaus von Nichtssagend Gallery in New York (13 July 2018 - 18 August 2018) with the name 💥🎢☀️🏖🌈🐳🌋. Maria Calandra's first listed exhibition in Artland's database was called Weekend and took place at Mindy Solomon Gallery in Miami, the United States from the 02 December 2017 to 13 January 2018.
Historical Context of United Kingdom
Through colonisation and the consequent ascent of its Empire, the United Kingdom reached the status of a giant, although the wealth and economic power did not shelter it from the apparent cultural authority of other continents and countries. With the United States on one side and its European neighbours on the other, Britain had been to a rather significant extent eclipsed by their respective influence on the art of the modern period. But it is towards the end of the nineteenth century that it truly became an essential and crucial agent in the development of the avant-garde, through major and progressive trends such at the Arts and Crafts Movement, which would become fundamental to the further development of bohemian artists movements or other artist-led guilds of the twentieth century. Vorticism is a significant movement, fundamentally distinctive of British modernism, it involved artists known for their affiliation to the Bloomsbury group. A few critically acclaimed British artists of the modern and contemporary era include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley and Paula Rego among others – as well as the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn and Chris Ofili, in more recent years.
Further Biographical Context for Maria Calandra
Maria Calandra was born in 1976 and was largely influenced creatively by the 1990s. In the United Kingdom, a group of artists known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, dominated the artistic culture of the decade. They were a loosely affiliated and diverse group, united generally by their age and nationality. A number of the members had attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by Charles Saatchi, the ‘super collector’ of art at the time. The most well-known member of the group is arguably Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). Through their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, the YBAs gained a divisive reputation image which was further fuelled by their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was at the same time rebellious and enterprising. The group was predominant in the British art scene in the 1990s and their group show ‘Sensation’ is now viewed as legendary. Relational Aesthetics, a term coined by curator Nicholas Bourriaud to describe the act of making art based on human relations and their social context, became a leading idea in the 1990s. Works by artists like Douglas Gordon, Gillian Wearing, Philippe Parenno and Liam Gillick were described as significant artists who worked to this agenda.