1887 - 1985 · France
Marc Chagall was a Franco-Russian visual artist essential figure of surrealism and master of colour paintings. Chagall is one of the emblematic artists of the 20th century who paved the way for the avant-garde.
Born in 1887 in Vitebsk, Belarus, he early developed an interest for painting. It is by moving to Paris in 1910 that Chagall trained and forged his iconic style with avant-garde artists. Close to unconventional artists like Apollinaire, his painting aims to be surreal and expressive. The large flat areas of colour in his paintings overturn the traditional chromatic uses by which Chagall makes his dreamlike universe come true. He uses the palette to structure the space of the canvas more than to translate reality. Chagall whose unlimited mind nurtured his art explores besides painting on canvas, sculpture, poetry, painting on stained glass, on enamel. The themes of his works revolves around dreams, folklore as well as religious iconography such as in Double portrait au verre de vin, 1917-1918. He died on March 28, 1985 in Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France. Chagall unique works have been heavily exhibited all over the word, he has been of major retrospective such as Chagall: entre guerre et paix, Musee National du Luxembourg, Paris (2013) and Marc Chagall, Nassau County Museum of Art, NY (2012). And his talent is part of the French architectural and artistic heritage with his fresco on the ceiling of the Opéra Garnier (1964). Today, two museums are dedicated to his works in Nice and in Vitebsk.