Manuel Hernández Mompó

1927 - 1992 · Spain

Artist biography

Manuel Hernández Mompó was an artist, who was born in Spain. Born in 1927, Manuel Hernández Mompó passed away in 1992. Also born in Spain around 1927 and of the same generation are Antoni Tapies, Eduardo Chillida and Eduardo Arroyo.

Exhibitions

Manuel Hernández Mompó's work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition Especial obra gráfica at Galería BAT Alberto Cornejo in Madrid, Spain. The exhibition was open from 10 November 2019 until 24 December 2019. Manuel Hernández Mompó's work has also been exhibited during the Pinturas. 1955-1980 exhibition at Galería Fernández-Braso in Madrid, Spain (13 September 2018 - 10 November 2018).

Historical Context of Spain

Spain has played a crucial role in the development of art in the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, a young Pablo Picasso established a uniquely expressive approach to figuration in the post-Impressionist era, initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he was to settle in Paris in 1904. Picasso was also the key founding member of the Cubist movement, a group in which he was joined by fellow Spaniard Juan Gris. Both Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were prominent figures in the Surrealist movement, though they were also domiciled in France for large parts of their careers. Throughout the twentieth century the political and cultural landscape of Spain was ruled by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco whose dictatorship ruled the country, in one form or another, from 1939 until 1975, at which time the monarchy was restored to Juan-Carlos I who subsequently implemented considerable reform. The Franco regime was characterised by its brutal anti-communist stance, and the departure of leading intellectual and cultural figures that chose not to live under an oppressive regime. The cultural life of the avant-garde suffered significantly, since liberal artistic movements are often known for their leftist leanings. Significant modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo, and Manolo Valdes.

Further Biographical Context for Manuel Hernández Mompó

Born in 1927, Manuel Hernández Mompó was largely influenced by the 1930s. on a global scale this period can be best characterised by the duelling of the world’s predominant political philosophies - Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism. In the United States, the Great Depression had a great influence on artistic production, with many artists focusing on the agrarian and the humble man in the streets. It was the first time in US history that widespread movements of artists began to address politics, and tried to use their art to impact society. Artists held exhibitions on social and political themes such as poverty, lack of affordable housing, anti-lynching, anti-fascism, and workers' strikes.

Manuel Hernández Mompó

  • Exhibitions 2

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