Manuel Colmeiro

1901 · Spain

Artist biography

Manuel Colmeiro is seen as an established artist, who was born in Spain. Manuel Colmeiro was born in 1901. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Salvador Dalí, Óscar Domínguez and Remedios Varo.

Manuel Colmeiro's Gallery representation

Manuel Colmeiro's work is available for viewing at Leandro Navarro Gallería de Arte in Madrid, Spain.

Historical Context of Spain

Spain has played a crucial role in the growth of art in the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, a young Pablo Picasso established a distinctively expressive approach to figuration in the post-Impressionist era, firstly with his Blue then Rose periods, although he was to settle in Paris in 1904. Picasso was also the key founding member of the Cubist movement, a group in which he was joined by fellow Spaniard Juan Gris. Both Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were leading figures in the Surrealist movement, though they were also lived in France for large parts of their careers. During the twentieth century the political and cultural landscape of Spain was dominated by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco whose dictatorship ruled the country, in one form or another, from 1939 until 1975, at which time the monarchy was restored to Juan-Carlos I who subsequently implemented considerable reform. The Franco regime was distinguished by its brutal anti-communist stance, and the departure of key intellectual and cultural figures that elected not to live under an oppressive regime. The cultural life of the avant-garde suffered greatly, since liberal artistic movements are often known for their leftist leanings. Significant modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo, and Manolo Valdes.

Further Biographical Context for Manuel Colmeiro

Born in 1901, Manuel Colmeiro was primarily inspired by the 1920s growing up. Key artistic developments that had been established in the earlier part of the 20th century continued to be matured during the 1920s and 1930s. At this time the careers of a number of inspiring and pioneering artists began to blossom, yet at the same time there was an atmosphere of reflection and solemnity following the horrors of the First World War. Major shifts in politics were happening worldwide, and Marxism took a strong grip as an ideology amongst artist groups and communities. The main focus for art during this time was on Freudian theory and the human subconscious, and these ideas were best portrayed by artists including Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux, whilst in Paris, artists such as Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine developed methods of art which were vivid and dynamic.

Manuel Colmeiro

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