Manel Esclusa

1952 · Spain

Artist biography

Manel Esclusa is an established artist, who was born in Spain. Manel Esclusa was born in 1952. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Miquel Barceló and Juan Muñoz.

Manel Esclusa's Gallery representation

Manel Esclusa is represented by Blanca Berlín Galería located in Madrid, Spain.

Historical Context of Spain

The influence of Spain was significant in developing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he would eventually relocate to France in 1904, Picasso revealed a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also thought to be the most influential original member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. While they were established in France for the majority part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly influential figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural landscape of Spain during the twentieth century was controlled by the totalitarian dictatorship of General Franco, whose regime subjugated the country from 1939 to 1975. His death prompted a restoration of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who consequently reformed the State. The Franco dictatorship, characterised by an intense anti-communist position, led to the departure of major intellectual and cultural figures, determined to escape this oppressive regime. The artistic and cultural blossoming of the avant-garde were greatly stirred by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are frequently associated with leftist inclinations. Some highly influential modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.

Further Biographical Context for Manel Esclusa

Manel Esclusa was born in 1952 and was largely inspired by the 1970s growing up. Conceptualism is often perceived as a response to Minimalism, and the dominant art movement of the 1970s, challenging the boundaries of art with its revolutionary features. The movements that succeeded were all characteristic of a strong desire to evolve and consolidate the art world, in response to the tensions of the previous 1960s. Process art branched out from Conceptualism, highlighting some of its most crucial aspects, but going further in creating mysterious and experimental artistic journeys, while Land Art brought creation to the outsides, initiating early ideas of environmentalism. In Germany, Expressive figure painting was given a second chance for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism almost twenty years ago, the genre reclaimed its distinction through the brushstrokes of Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The multicultural and refined position that New York city held in the 1960s remained just as influential in the 1970s. With multiple world renowned artists gravitating the galleries and downtown scene, the city once again reinforced its reputation as the artistic hub of the generation. All over, various movements defined the 1970s. Amongst others, feminism and the new radical ideologies it entailed strongly influenced the visual culture. Photorealism, which had emerged in the 1960s, also gained critical and commercial success. The critical, prominent artistic figures of New York city started to embrace painters and sculptors from Latin America.

Manel Esclusa

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