1966 · Spain
Juan Escudero is a mid-career established artist, who originates from Spain, like other prominent artists such as Anaïs Senli, Marc Vives, Julio Galindo, Eduardo Nave, and Teo González. Juan Escudero was born in 1966.
Historical Context of Spain
Spain has played a crucial role in the development of art in the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, a young Pablo Picasso established a distinctively expressive approach to figuration in the post-Impressionist era, firstly with his Blue then Rose periods, although he was to settle in Paris in 1904. Picasso was also the central founding member of the Cubist movement, a group in which he was joined by fellow Spaniard Juan Gris. Both Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were leading figures in the Surrealist movement, though they were also lived in France for large parts of their careers.
Throughout the twentieth century the political and cultural landscape of Spain was ruled by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco whose dictatorship ruled the country, in one form or another, from 1939 until 1975, at which time the monarchy was restored to Juan-Carlos I who subsequently implemented substantial reform. The Franco regime was noted for its brutal anti-communist stance, and the departure of leading intellectual and cultural figures that chose not to live under an oppressive regime. The cultural life of the avant-garde suffered significantly, since liberal artistic movements are often known for their leftist leanings. Key modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo, and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Juan Escudero
Juan Escudero was born in 1966 and grew up during the 1980s and was inspired by the artistic atmosphere of the time. The 1980s were a tumultuous time culturally, and were marked by growing global capitalism, global mass media, significant discrepancies in wealth, alongside a distinctive sense of music and fashion, epitomised by electronic pop music and hip hop. Artists growing up during this time were heavily influenced by this cultural culture.
The 1980s were a key decade in terms of politics, marked by the African Famine and the end of the Cold War, which was signified by the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Neo Geo and The Pictures Generation became prominent art movements during the decade, alongside Neo-Expressionism which became well-known in Germany, France and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). Artists such as Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel were key artists of the era, alongside Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf, who established the street art and graffiti movements.
- Galleries Representing this Artist