1973 · France
JP. Simon is seen as an established mid-career artist, who originates from France, like other renowned artists such as Alain Coupas, Bernar Venet, Claudine Doury, Victor Ash, and Guy De Malherbe. JP. Simon was born in 1973.
About JP. Simon's works
JP. Simon is a prominent figure within the fields of Pop, Figuration, Minimalism, Design, Abstraction, Conceptual, Digital and Expressionism. Pop Art is a highly significant movement which first emerged in the 1950s, across Britain and America, and can be defined as both a critique and celebration of mass-produced popular culture. Although the styles and mediums involved in Pop Art can highly vary, going from Roy Lichtenstein reproductions of comic-strips, to Andy Warhol’s silk-screen prints of soup cans, and Richard Hamilton’s collages, the underlying most fundamental aspect remains the same – an interest in mass-production, mass-culture and popular media. With Pop Art, the spirit of popular culture is raised to the status of high art, shifting boundaries and establishing a connection to the contemporary public never achieved before by any other movement.
Figurative art can simply be understood as art that contains strong references to the real world, or to the human figure. Often considered as the polar opposite of Abstraction, figurative art can nonetheless remain incredibly stimulating and ground-breaking, since it involves a significant number of approaches to depict the chosen object or figure. The variety of style in figurative art is enormous, and spans across Paul Cézanne’s bathers to Jean-Michel Basquiat’s neo-expressionist paintings.
Towards the end of the 1950s, in New York city, emerging artists were starting to feel disillusioned in the stagnant state of art, which led to the creation of the art movement known as Minimalism. Flourishing in the 1960s, Minimalism sought to question all pre-existing conceptions one would have about art, and remove the gestural elements that used to be deemed as essential in previous art movements. Rather than paintings, sculptures became key elements of the movement, providing the artist a way to make use of their physical surroundings, thus offering the viewers a harmonious, truthful experience. The main purpose of minimalism was to ground art in its own reality, removing any unessential, decorative aspect. Geometrical shapes became a key element of the genre, with a focus on delivering illusions of spatial depth in the artworks, while remaining clean and purified. Artists like Frank Stella, Dan Flavin or Donald Judd are prominent figures of Minimalism, and were deeply influenced by earlier European abstract movements.
The lines between art and design are blurred and can be difficult to define. Also referred to as applied arts, the genre includes different categories such as industrial design, graphic design and fashion design. In the graphic arts, ranging from photography to illustration, it is often the context that will make the distinction between Fine Arts and Applied Arts; such a distinction is most often based on how the work is produced, and how it is traded.
JP. Simon in private collections
Historical Context of France
France strikes out as one of the most influential agents of modernism. What is today known as the avant-garde was established in the first half of the nineteenth century, and included progressive and ground-breaking movements such as Impressionism, Post-impressionism and Art Nouveau, led by key figures of the art sphere. Applauded and leading French artists from the early years of the twentieth century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, although he initially was a Spanish national who relocated in France, as well as Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier, to name a few. Paris was thought to be the most important and intellectual artistic centre at the onset of the century and contributed to the development of such vital movements as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others, which emerged in the post war era.
Further Biographical Context for JP. Simon
JP. Simon was born in 1973 and was primarily inspired creatively by the 1980s. The generation of artists that grew up in, and were inspired by, the nineteen eighties was influenced by a period of rapidly growing global capitalism, political upheaval, significant wealth discrepancy, global mass media and distinctive music and fashion, including electronic pop music and hip hop. The nineteen eighties was the era of African famine, the height of the Cold War, and also the end of it, as marked by the fall of the Berlin Wall. Important art movements of the era include Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and the international trend of Neo-Expressionism which manifested in Germany, the USA and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). The decade was exemplified by artists like Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel. Street art and graffiti began to gain prominence, notable artists of which include Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf.