1945 · United States
Joseph Kosuth is an established artist, who originates from the United States. Joseph Kosuth was born in 1945. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Chuck Close, Dale Chihuly, Bruce Nauman, James Turrell and Barbara Kruger.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Joseph Kosuth's work is available on display in 14 galleries recorded on Artland. Some of those galleries are Lia Rumma | Naples, Galleria d'Arte Maggiore G.A.M., and Erica Ravenna in Italy. Joseph Kosuth most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Annka Kultys Gallery | London in the United Kingdom (10 July 2019 until 20 September 2019) with the exhibition QUID EST VERITAS ?.
Historical Context of United States
The US, in particular New York city, endures as a central point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new multinational and highly powerful art centre came to be in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its dominance over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful global art centre. The predominance of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has granted the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are influential art movements that emerged in the US. These very movements also echoed into a multitude of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Joseph Kosuth
Born in 1945, Joseph Kosuth grew up during the 1960s and was inspired by the artistic culture of the time. The universal impact of the 1960s was truly sensational across the globe. Representative of a time inspiring both hope and anger, the 1960s prompted an explosion of cutting-edge ideologies and movements, truly exciting and spectacular. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact internationally, largely defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The significant boom of mass consumerism also defined the era, generating new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism developed the central idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the physical world. Born of a desire to eradicate all pre-established conceptions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key figures. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to delve into some of the most fundamental philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, while eliminating the emotional and highly personal aspect it would often associated with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply identifying with Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, particular to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism deeply influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to depict the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the haunting angst of the meaninglessness of life.