1941 · United States
Joel Shapiro is regarded as a well established artist, who was born in the United States. Joel Shapiro was born in 1941. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Chuck Close, Dale Chihuly, Bruce Nauman, James Turrell and Barbara Kruger.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Several galleries around the world represent and exhibit Joel Shapiro's work, including galleries in countries like the United Kingdom, France, and the United States. Galleries include Lévy Gorvy | London in the United Kingdom, as well as Galerie Templon | Paris and Galerie Karsten Greve | Paris in France. Joel Shapiro's other most recent exhibitions listed on Artland include the exhibitions at; Galerie Karsten Greve | Paris in France (13 September 2019 - 25 October 2019) with the name ACCROCHAGE and Berggruen Gallery in the United States (15 May 2019 - 30 August 2019) with the name MAJOR CONTEMPORARY WORKS.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a prominent country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war era, when the cultural prominence of New York asserted its influence over Paris, previously thought of as the most important art centre in the world. Leading art movements established and cultivated in important ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern iterations of these many types. In the modern and contemporary period, the United States has cultivated a prevailing influence over the worldwide visual culture, due to the dominion of its economic and political structures. Key examples of important U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Joel Shapiro
Joel Shapiro was born in 1941 and was largely inspired creatively by the 1960s. The 1960s were an explosive decade internationally, bearing witness to great increase of modernist philosophies and trends. It was the era of Kennedy and Kruschev, and the start of the Cold War, which would endure for most of the second half of the twentieth century, and was characterised most symbolically by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The Iron Curtain divided Eastern and Western Europe, both ideologically and literally, and student political uprisings took place globally. Psychedelia, an enormous increase in consumerism, and the associated trends of marketing and advertising further defined the era. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, focused solely on line, colour and geometric form as key components of both painting and sculpture. The main figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Colour Field painting, as practiced by Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler, further explored some of the expressive philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, but stripped away much of the rhetoric, instead approaching a more rule-based approach to surface and colour that related this practice to Minimalism. Around the world a number of artistic movements echoed the artistic concerns of the previously mentioned movements, often with regional specialties and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni developed Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker espoused similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of creativity for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti becoming known worldwide for their distinguishing approaches to the human form and the angst related to the human condition.