1958 · United States
Joan Nelson is an established artist, who originates from the United States. Joan Nelson was born in 1958. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Jenny Holzer, Bill Viola, Carrie Mae Weems, Cindy Sherman and Jeff Koons.
Historical Context of United States
The US, especially New York city, endures as a focal point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new multinational and highly influential art centre appeared in the post war era, and the city succeeded in affirming its supremacy over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful global art capital. The authority of the political and economic institutions of the United States in the modern era has provided the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are significant art movements that emerged in the US. These very movements also reverberated into a multitude of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Joan Nelson
Born in 1958, Joan Nelson was largely influenced by the 1970s. Conceptualism is often perceived as a response to Minimalism, and the dominant art movement of the 1970s, challenging the boundaries of art with its revolutionary features. The movements that succeeded were all characteristic of a strong desire to progress and consolidate the art world, in response to the tensions of the previous 1960s. Process art branched out from Conceptualism, highlighting some of its most essential aspects, but going further in creating mysterious and experimental artistic journeys, while Land Art brought creation to the outdoors, initiating early philosophies of environmentalism. In Germany, Expressive figure painting was given another chance for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism almost twenty years ago, the genre regained its prominence through the brushstrokes of Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The majority of the critically acclaimed artists from the 1960s, who had gained success and fame, kept their status in the 1970s. Andy Warhol was a prominent figure of those two decades, and in the 1970s started to experiment with film and magazine publishing, thus engaging in a cross-cultural activity that no other visual artist OF his standard had previously undertaken. By doing so, he secured his status as a celebrity. Street art started to appear as a true and recognized form of art towards the end of the 1970s. Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring were pioneers in proving that their artworks could exist at the same time in art galleries and on city walls. Driven by graffiti art, street art from its earliest days showed that it could endure in a perpetual flux of self-transformation, endlessly shifting the boundaries of modern art, becoming a truly ground-breaking artistic genre.