Joan Miró

1893 - 1983 · Spain

Artist biography

Joan Miró was a creative artist, who was born in Spain. Born in 1893, Joan Miró passed away in 1983. Born in the same country and around the same year are Pablo Picasso and Joan Miró.

Galleries and Exhibitions

Multiple galleries around the world represent and exhibit Joan Miró's work, including galleries in countries such as the United Kingdom, Belgium, and Italy. The galleries exhibiting Joan Miró's work include Sims Reed Gallery in the United Kingdom, Galerie De La Béraudiére in Belgium, as well as Tornabuoni Art | Paris in France. Joan Miró's work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition Selected Works by 20th Century Masters at Helly Nahmad London in the United Kingdom. The exhibition was open from 01 March 2018 until 31 January 2019. Joan Miró's work has also been exhibited at other exhibitions listed on Artland include the exhibitions; Taking Shape: Printed Abstraction from 1939 to 2009 (05 September 2019 - 30 September 2019) at Sims Reed Gallery in London and Le Marteau sans Maître (14 July 2019 - 05 September 2019) at Sims Reed Gallery in London. Joan Miró's first listed exhibition in Artland's database was called TEFAF and took place at Galerie Gmurzynska | Zurich in Switzerland from the 04 May 2017 to 08 May 2017.

Joan Miró in private collections

On Artland, Joan Miró's works can be seen in several Collections, including Justin MacDowell and Collezione Tatanini. These also feature works from other critically-acclaimed artists such as Sarah Derat, Qafar Rzayev, and Choi Jun Kun.

Historical Context of Spain

Spain has played a crucial role in the growth of art in the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, a young Pablo Picasso established a distinctively expressive approach to figuration in the post-Impressionist era, initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he was to settle in Paris in 1904. Picasso was also the chief founding member of the Cubist movement, a group in which he was joined by fellow Spaniard Juan Gris. Both Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were prominent figures in the Surrealist movement, though they were also lived in France for large parts of their careers. During the twentieth century the political and cultural landscape of Spain was ruled by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco whose dictatorship ruled the country, in one form or another, from 1939 until 1975, at which time the monarchy was restored to Juan-Carlos I who then implemented considerable reform. The Franco regime was characterised by its brutal anti-communist stance, and the departure of important intellectual and cultural figures that elected not to live under an oppressive regime. The cultural life of the avant-garde suffered greatly, since liberal artistic movements are often noted for their leftist leanings. Significant modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo, and Manolo Valdes.

Further Biographical Context for Joan Miró

Born in 1893, Joan Miró's creative work was predominantly inspired by the 1900s and 1910s. The first decades of the 20th century were defined by the energetic development of visual and pictorial art. These years were an time of experimentation, with artists exploring into ideas surrounding Post-Impressionism, Expressionism and Abstraction. These innovations inspired artist communities and collectives around the world, with many groups developing different ways of communicating their ideas. Across the world, Expressive painting continued to be explored and developed in many countries. In France in the early 1900s, the Nabis delved into this movement, and were soon followed by German groups such as Die Brucke and Der Blaue Reiter. Through this movement the careers of some famous artists such as Kirchner, Franz Marc, and Wassily Kandinsky were developed.

Joan Miró

  • Artworks in Collections 8
  • Exhibitions 25

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