1943 · United States
James Hayward is an established contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in the United States. James Hayward was born in 1943. Born in the same country and around the same year are Chuck Close, Robert Mappelthorpe, Bruce Nauman, Laurie Andersen and Barbara Kruger.
Galleries and Exhibitions
James Hayward's work is available on display in 3 galleries recorded on Artland. Some of those galleries are Roberts Projects in Los Angeles, Miles McEnery Gallery I 520 in New York, and Modernism Inc. in San Francisco. James Hayward most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Roberts Projects in Los Angeles with the exhibition The Weight of Matter. The exhibition was open from 10 May 2019 until 14 June 2019. James Hayward's other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions at; ltd los angeles in the United States (22 September 2018 - 03 November 2018) with the name If I go there, I won't stay there and Miles McEnery Gallery I 525 in the United States (06 September 2018 - 06 October 2018) with the name JAMES HAYWARD.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a major country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war era, when the cultural status of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly considered as the most significant art hub in the world. Leading art movements established and fostered in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern iterations of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has cultivated a strong influence upon the global visual culture, due to the dominion of its economic and political structures. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for James Hayward
Born in 1943, James Hayward was primarily influenced by the 1960s growing up. Artistically, the decade began with the twin movements of Pop and Minimalism emerging at a similar time. On one hand, Pop championed the visual culture of the mainstream and mass media, and of products and consumerism. Artwork by artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Claes Oldenberg was inspired by the popular culture of the fast developing Capitalism of the United States, taking things like advertising, comic books and ideas surrounding celebrity culture as their main visual inspiration. A parallel movement was established on the West Coast in California - a strain that also related to language in art, and is viewed as the initial flowerings of conceptual art. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, predicated solely on line, colour and geometric form as key components of both painting and sculpture. The key figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Colour Field painting, as practiced by Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler, further explored some of the expressive philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, but reduced much of the rhetoric, instead approaching a more rule-based approach to surface and colour that related this practice to Minimalism. Around the world many artistic movements resonated the artistic concerns of the previously mentioned movements, often with regional fortes and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni established Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker adopted similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of creativity for creatives, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti achieving international prominence for their idiosyncratic approaches to the human form and the anguish related to the human condition.