1927 · United States
James Bishop is an established contemporary artist, who was born in the United States. James Bishop was born in 1927. Also born in the United States around 1927 and of the same generation are Knox Martin, Michael Goldberg, Michael Goldberg, Robert Rauschenberg and Allan Kaprow.
Galleries and Exhibitions
James Bishop is represented by two galleries, which are Galerie Jean Fournier in Paris, France and Annemarie Verna Galerie in Zurich, Switzerland. James Bishop's work has most recently been exhibited at Annemarie Verna Galerie in Zurich (17 September 2019 until 25 October 2019) with the exhibition Grids and Structures. James Bishop's other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions; A new room: Marisa Merz and Mario Merz (21 February 2019 - 12 April 2019) at Annemarie Verna Galerie in Zurich and Concerning Superfluities (02 November 2019 - 21 December 2019) at Essex Street in New York.
Historical Context of United States
The United States, particularly New York city, endures as a focal point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new multinational and highly influential art hub emerged in the post war era, and the city thrived in affirming its dominance over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful global art centre. The authority of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern era has granted the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are essential art movements that blossomed in the US. These very movements also echoed into a myriad of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for James Bishop
Born in 1927, James Bishop was primarily influenced by the 1950s growing up. In the Post-War period the lens of modernism was focused, in terms of internationally, on developments in New York City. The Second World War had brought many leading creatives to the city in exile from Europe, leading to a noteworthy pooling of talent and ideas. Influential Europeans that came to New York and provided inspiration for American artists included Piet Mondrian, Josef Albers and Hans Hoffmann, who between them set the grounds for much of the United States’ significant cultural growth in the subsequent decades. Important artists of the Abstract Expressionist Generation included Jackson Pollock (who innovated his famed drip, splatter and pour painting techniques), Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. It was a male dominated environment, though necessary revisionism of this period has underlined the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.