1973 · Spain
Jaime Castillo is is an established, mid-career contemporary artist, who was born in Spain, like other famous artists such as Carlos Pazos, Soledad Sevilla, Jose Luis Ceña, Rudi Fernández, and Marco Godoy. Jaime Castillo was born in 1973.
Jaime Castillo's exhibition
Jaime Castillo's work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition En paralelo at Galería Álvaro Alcázar in Madrid, Spain. The exhibition was open from 25 October 2019 until 30 October 2019.
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was significant in establishing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he would eventually relocate to Paris in 1904, Picasso revealed a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also thought to be the most influential original member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. While they were settled in France for the most part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly influential figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural setting of Spain during the twentieth century was controlled by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco, whose regime subjugated the country from 1939 to 1975. His passing induced a restitution of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who thus reformed the State. The Franco dictatorship, characterised by a fierce anti-communist position, led to the exodus of major intellectual and cultural figures, determined to escape this oppressive system. The artistic and cultural blossoming of the avant-garde were deeply affected by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are commonly significative of leftist penchants. Some highly influential modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Jaime Castillo
Born in 1973, Jaime Castillo was largely inspired by the 1990s. In the United Kingdom, a group of artists known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, dominated the artistic culture of the decade. They were a loosely affiliated and diverse group, united generally by their age and nationality. A number of the members had attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by Charles Saatchi, the ‘super collector’ of art at the time. The most famous member of YBAs is arguably Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). Through their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, the YBAs gained a divisive reputation image which was further fuelled by their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was at the same time rebellious and enterprising. The group was predominant in the British art scene in the 1990s and their group show ‘Sensation’ is now viewed as legendary. Relational Aesthetics, a term coined by curator Nicholas Bourriaud to describe the act of making art based on human relations and their social context, became a leading idea in the 1990s. Works by artists such as Douglas Gordon, Gillian Wearing, Philippe Parenno and Liam Gillick were described as key artists who worked to this outline.