1912 - 1956 · United States
Jackson Pollock was an American visual artist whose body of work is described as one of the most pioneering in Post-War American painting. Pollock’s developed an exceptional artistic approach by dripping paint directly onto the canvas, which revolutionised non-representational art.
Born Paul Jackson Pollock on January 28, 1912, in Cody, WY, he studied painting at the Manual Arts High School in Los Angeles before moving to New York to perfect his Art training as a pupil of Thomas Hart at the Art Student League.
Jackson Pollock’s early paintings feature some surrealist influence that is combined with the expressive curvy brush stroke style of Diego Rivera's paintings. Pollock enjoyed recognition through Peggy Guggenheim’s gallery interests and support. It is during this period that Jackson Pollock’s Abstract-Expressionism style greatly developed. His technique consisted of dripping and vividly spreading enamel paint into an untouched canvas laid on the floor. Over the expressive output, his innovative painting approach clashed the traditional artist engagement with a real physical commitment. Pollock’s “drip painting” technique involves gravity, velocity and uncontrollable results in the creative process. The lines, colors and paint propriety evolved independently from the form which gives Jackson Pollock piece of art an instinctive aspect. His works such as Number 1A (1948) are marked by the Cold War context and suggest a self-reflective approach to the threat of global atomic destruction. By his singularity, Pollock greatly contributed to enlarge the artistic scope and the making art viewpoint. He died in a car accident on August 11, 1956, in East Hampton, New York. Jackson Pollock’s paintings demonstrate a valuable heritage as seen in 2006, Pollock’s No. 5 (1948) was sold for $140 million, being recorded as one of the highest-priced painting ever. Today, his works are exhibited in the collections of The Museum of Modern Art in New York, the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., and the Tate Gallery in London.