1950 · Spain
Isabel Muñoz is a contemporary artist considered well established, who was born in Spain. Isabel Muñoz was born in 1950. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Miquel Barceló and Juan Muñoz.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Isabel Muñoz is represented by two galleries, which are Galería Fernández-Braso and Blanca Berlín Galería in Madrid, Spain. Isabel Muñoz most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Galerie Esther Woerdehoff in Paris with the exhibition Fragments. The exhibition was open from 25 October 2018 until 21 December 2018.
Historical Context of Spain
Spain has played a crucial role in the growth of art in the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, a young Pablo Picasso developed a distinctively expressive approach to figuration in the post-Impressionist era, initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he was to settle in Paris in 1904. Picasso was also the central founding member of the Cubist movement, a group in which he was joined by fellow Spaniard Juan Gris. Both Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were leading figures in the Surrealist movement, though they were also domiciled in France for large parts of their careers. Throughout the twentieth century the political and cultural landscape of Spain was ruled by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco whose dictatorship ruled the country, in one form or another, from 1939 until 1975, at which time the monarchy was restored to Juan-Carlos I who subsequently implemented substantial reform. The Franco regime was characterised by its brutal anti-communist stance, and the departure of key intellectual and cultural figures that elected not to live under an oppressive regime. The cultural life of the avant-garde suffered significantly, since liberal artistic movements are often noted for their leftist leanings. Important modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo, and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Isabel Muñoz
Born in 1950, Isabel Muñoz was as deeply indebted to the events of the 1960s as their formative influences. The 1960s were an explosive decade internationally, witnessing a proliferation of modernist philosophies and trends. It was the era of Kennedy and Kruschev, and the beginning of the Cold War, which would endure for most of the second half of the 20th century, and was characterised most symbolically by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The Iron Curtain divided Eastern and Western Europe, both ideologically and literally, and student political uprisings took place globally. Psychedelia, an vast increase in consumerism, and the associated trends of marketing and advertising further defined the era. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, predicated solely on line, colour and geometric form as key constituents of both painting and sculpture. The main figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Colour Field painting, as practiced by Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler, further explored some of the expressive notions of Abstract Expressionism, but removed much of the rhetoric, instead approaching a more rule-based approach to surface and colour that related this practice to Minimalism. Globally, a number of artistic movements echoed the artistic concerns of the above mentioned movements, often with regional specialisms and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni developed Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker espoused similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of inspiration for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti becoming known worldwide for their distinguishing approaches to the human form and the anguish related to the human condition.