1989 · Italy
Ilaria Gasparroni is a young emerging artist, who originates from Italy, like other famous artists such as Andrea Samory, Cristiano Carotti, Densye Thomasos, Luca Brunetti, and Marco Bruzzone. Ilaria Gasparroni was born in 1989.
Historical Context of Italy
Italy has been tremendously rich in cultural influence since the time of the Romans, this classical period has exerted a fascinating influence on the cultural development and distinctiveness of the country. Italy is also the country of the Renaissance, called 'Rinascita' in Italian, meaning 'rebirth'. The Renaissance has been considered, from the early 1400s, as the first extensive blossoming of cultural erudition in art, architecture, music, poetry, philosophy and politics since the Middle Ages.
During the modern and contemporary period, Italy was tormented by the fascism of Mussolini but has nonetheless remained as a vital heart for artistic expression, initiating movements such as Futurism, Arte Povera and the Minimalism related to the Zero Movement, as well as the expressive painting of the Transavanguardia. Critically acclaimed Italian artists of the twentieth and twenty first centuries include Giorgio Di Chirico, Giacomo Balla, Giorgio Morandi, Alberto Giacometti, Lucio Fontana, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Francesco Clemente and Mimmo Paladino.
Further Biographical Context for Ilaria Gasparroni
Born in 1989, Ilaria Gasparroni's creative work was primarily inspired by the 1990s. A collective of artists working in the United Kingdom, who came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, defined the artistic culture of the 1990s. Affiliated loosely by their age and nationality, they were a diverse collective of practitioners. Many of the YBAs attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by the ‘super collector’ of the time, Charles Saatchi. The most well known member of the group is Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). The YBAs became known for their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, alongside their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an outlook that was defiant yet entrepreneurial. Due to the large amount of media coverage that they garnered, they dominated British art during the 1990s, and their work was epitomised in the group show ‘Sensation’.
Relational Aesthetics, a term coined by curator Nicholas Bourriaud to describe the act of making art based on human relations and their social context, became a central idea in the 1990s. Works by artists including Douglas Gordon, Gillian Wearing, Philippe Parenno and Liam Gillick were described as important artists who worked to this agenda.
The art world was influenced by many trends throughout the decade, and was characterised by the derisive sculpture of Maurizio Cattelan, and sensitive, conceptual advancements as presented in the work of artists including Felix Gonzalez-Torres.
In Japan, a trend began to develop in response to the boom in advertising and consumerism that took place during the 1980s. The comic book culture of manga arose as an art form, and was allied to trends in advertising and graphic design. One of the leading contemporary Japanese artists was Takashi Murakami, who coined the term ‘Superflat’, a theory influenced by the visual characteristics of manga and the nature of post-war Japanese culture. Having been inspired by his experiences in New York City in the mid-1990s, Murakami formed an influential group of artists called Kaikai Kiki, which became internationally recognised in a number of countries.
Conceptual photography began to gain popularity, and was particularly inspired by German ideas and artists. German artists like Andreas Gursky, Thomas Struth, and Wolfgang Tillmans gained major recognition, and in turn artists such as the Canadian Jeff Wall created works with a cinematic aesthetic that was inspired by the German artists’ work. In terms of painting, Albert Oehlen and Martin Kippenberger gained influential status in the artistic community.