1920 · France
Henriette Zéphir is an established contemporary artist, who was born in France. Henriette Zéphir was born in 1920. Artists Georges Mathieu, François Morellet, Yves Klein and Niki De Saint Phalle are of the same generation and same country as Henriette Zéphir.
Historical Context of France
France strikes out as one of the most prominent agents of modernism. What is today referred to as the avant-garde was established in the first half of the nineteenth century, and involved progressive and ground-breaking movements such as Impressionism, Post-impressionism and Art Nouveau, led by key figures of the art sphere. Critically praised and dominant French artists from the beginning of the twentieth century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, although he initially was a Spanish national who settled in France, as well as Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier, to name a few. Paris was considered to be the most important and intellectual artistic centre at the start of the century and contributed to the development of such vital movements as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others, which flourished in the post war era.
Further Biographical Context for Henriette Zéphir
Born in 1920, Henriette Zéphir's creative work was predominantly influenced by the 1930s. Throughout the 1930s, many political ideologies such as Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism were engaged in struggles for dominance, and characterised the political atmosphere of the period. In the Soviet Union, Stalin’s government was in dire need of urgent funds to implement the industrialisation of the Five Year Plan. In a covert bid to acquire funds, the government proposed to sell off assets from the State Hermitage Museum in Leningrad (St. Petersburg), which included some two hundred and fifty paintings by the Old Masters, a number of which had been deemed irreplaceable. Many of the pieces came to be owned by Andrew Mellon, via the New York based art dealing company, Knoedler.