Helen Horn Musser

1941 · United States

Artist biography

Helen Horn Musser is regarded as a well established artist, who was born in the United States. Helen Horn Musser was born in 1941. Artists Chuck Close, Robert Mappelthorpe, Bruce Nauman, Laurie Andersen and Barbara Kruger are of the same generation and same country as Helen Horn Musser.

Helen Horn Musser's Gallery representation

Helen Horn Musser's work is on display at Amsterdam Whitney Gallery located in New York, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The United States has been a major country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war period, when the cultural status of New York assumed primacy over Paris, previously thought of as the most significant art centre globally. Leading art movements developed and cultivated in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in varied forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern iterations of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary age, the United States has exercised a prevailing influence over the visual culture of the World, due to the hegemony of its economic and political institutions. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Helen Horn Musser

Born in 1941, Helen Horn Musser was primarily inspired by the 1960s. The universal impact of the 1960s was truly astonishing across the globe. Illustrative of a time stirring both faith and anger, the 1960s prompted an explosion of new ideologies and movements, truly sensational and spectacular. Historically established in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly powerful impact internationally, largely defined by the Iron Curtain separating Europe both physically and spiritually, and drastically marked by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The significant escalation of mass consumerism also defined the era, engendering new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism developed the crucial idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to represent the real world. Born of a desire to eradicate all pre-established conceptions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key figures. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to delve into some of the most fundamental ideologies of Abstract Expressionism, while eliminating the expressive and highly personal aspect it would often associated with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply identifying with Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, particular to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for example, was established in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Across Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism deeply influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to depict the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the haunting anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.

Helen Horn Musser

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