Haynes

1947 · United States

Artist biography

Haynes is an established contemporary artist, who was born in the United States. Haynes was born in 1947. Born in the same country and around the same year are Chuck Close, Dale Chihuly, Bruce Nauman, James Turrell and Barbara Kruger.

Haynes' Gallery representation

Haynes' work is on display at Galerie Hubert Winter located in Vienna, Austria.

Historical Context of United States

The United States, in particular New York city, endures as a central point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly powerful art centre emerged in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its dominance over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful international art capital. The predominance of the political and economic institutions of the United States in the modern era has provided the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are essential art movements that flourished in the US. These very movements also reverberated into a multitude of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Haynes

Haynes was born in 1947 and was primarily inspired by the 1960s. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, the 1960s represent an extremely powerful era which engendered an important number of disruptions and challenged the order of all things. In Europe, The Iron Curtain and the Berlin wall would eternally mark people and beliefs, while in the U.S, predicaments such as the Cuban missile crisis and Vietnam war would forever influence generations to come. From education to gender issues and ideologies, a re-definition of social standards in Western society developed, with ground-breaking values and movements evolving in a cradle of inventiveness. Simplicity and an emptiness of emotions were key concepts in the highly influential movement of Minimalism, represented by artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Uninterested in the gestural elements of Abstract Expressionism, Minimalist artists focused on delivering artworks mainly gathering polished, pure lines and geometrical elements. The very first flourishing of Conceptualism was significantly influenced by the purity of Minimalism but went further in denying all pre-defined conceptions inherent to art, similarly to what Pop Artists were trying to attain, by elevating popular culture to the status of high art. Several schools of philosophy profoundly influenced creatives, Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti were artists heavily persuaded by the ideas of Existentialism, who achieved worldwide success through their depiction of the human form and the anguish often associated with the human condition. globally, a significant number of art movements resounded with the radical changes of the 1960s, often prone to their own regional distinctions. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni initiated Spatialism, while in Germany, the Zero group espoused similar ideas under the leadership of Günther Uecker.

Haynes

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