1901 - 1966
Further Biographical Context for Gyula Czimra
Gyula Czimra was born in 1901 and was predominantly influenced creatively by the 1920s. The key innovations formed in the early years of the 20th century were matured further in the 1920s and 1930s. This period began the careers of many innovative and inspiring practitioners in the pictorial arts. However it was a time of reflection following the horrors of the First World War, and significant shifts in politics took place across the world. The philosophy of Marxism was prevalent among artist communities and groups. In Paris, artists such as Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine established methods of art which were dramatic and dynamic. Surrealism continued to develop in the 1920s and 1930s, and focused on the human unconscious and Freudian theory. Important artists to arise from this movement were Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Surrealism spread as an ideology on a global scale due to its cultural significance, and developed to become the integral expressive mode of the 1920s. It was aided by the liberal characteristics of Weimar Republic in Germany, and flourished under this way of thinking.