1883 - 1966 · Italy
Gino Severini was a visual artist, who was born in Italy - other established artists such as Gelmi Anna Maria, Umberto Chiodi, Mario Airò, Andrea Pagnacco, and Isabella Costabile were also born in Italy. Gino Severini, born in 1883, died in 1966.
Historical Context of Italy
Italy has been tremendously rich in cultural influence since the time of the Romans, this classical period has exerted a significant influence on the cultural growth and identity of the country. Italy also embodies the country of the Renaissance, called 'Rinascita' in Italian, translating to 'rebirth'. The Renaissance has been considered, from the early 1400s, as the first extensive flowering of cultural sophistication in art, architecture, music, poetry, philosophy and politics since the Middle Ages. During the modern and contemporary period, Italy was afflicted by the fascism of Mussolini but has nevertheless remained as a vital heart for artistic expression, initiating movements such as Futurism, Arte Povera and the Minimalism related to the Zero Movement, as well as the expressive painting of the Transavanguardia. Critically acclaimed Italian artists of the twentieth and twenty first centuries include Giorgio Di Chirico, Giacomo Balla, Giorgio Morandi, Alberto Giacometti, Lucio Fontana, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Francesco Clemente and Mimmo Paladino.