1970 · Belgium
Gideon Kiefer. is a mid-career contemporary visual artist, who originates from Belgium, like other well-known artists such as Hanne Van Dyck, Leo Copers, Luc Hoekx, Mira Sanders, and Koen Delaere. Gideon Kiefer. was born in 1970.
Historical Context of Belgium
Bordered by France and the Netherlands, the modest country of Belgium has been considerably influenced by its neighbours throughout time and affirmed itself as an exciting and innovative artistic centre in the second half of the nineteenth century. Belgian art productions were crucial in the developing of Surrealism in the 1930s, primarily through the works of Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Among others, Marcel Broodthaers, Wim Delvoye, Francis Alys and Luc Tuymans are key figures of the Belgian art scene of the twentieth century. Greatly influenced by Belgian artists, the Symbolist movement was a major artistic trend, early precursor to Surrealism, and including artists such as Léon Spilliaert, Jean Delville, Fernand Khnopff and James Ensor. As the age of the avant-garde began to take place in Europe towards the end of the nineteenth century, Brussels turned into a focal point for the Art Nouveau movement, which included the architect Victor Horta amongst its founders.
Further Biographical Context for Gideon Kiefer.
Born in 1970, Gideon Kiefer. was largely influenced by the 1980s. The generation of artists that grew up in, and took inspiration from, the nineteen eighties was influenced by a period of fast growing global capitalism, political upheaval, notable wealth differences, global mass media and distinctive music and fashion, including electronic pop music and hip hop. The nineteen eighties was the era of African famine, the height of the Cold War, and also the end of it, as marked by the fall of the Berlin Wall. influential art movements of the era include Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and the international trend of Neo-Expressionism which manifested in Germany, the USA and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). The decade was exemplified by artists like Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel. Street art and graffiti started to gain recognition, notable artists of which include Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf.