George Hurrell

1904 · United States

Artist biography

George Hurrell is seen as an established artist, who originates from the United States. George Hurrell was born in 1904. Artists Franz Kline, Mark Rothko, Lee Krasner, Willem de Kooning and Ansel Adams are of the same generation and same country as George Hurrell.

George Hurrell's Gallery representation

George Hurrell is represented and exhibited by Scott Nichols Gallery located in San Francisco, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The United States has been key in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war era, when the cultural importance of New York assumed primacy over Paris, previously considered as the most significant art centre worldwide. Leading art movements developed and cultivated in extensive ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus various post-modern iterations of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary era, the United States has cultivated a prevailing influence upon the global visual culture, due to the dominion of its economic and political systems. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for George Hurrell

George Hurrell was born in 1904 and was predominantly influenced creatively by the 1920s growing up. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the first years of the twentieth century. To have this time as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by innovative practitioners of the pictorial arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw significant shifts in politics. Marxism was a widespread political ideology which was also tremendously influential among artists and their communities. Key artistic developments included a kind of expressive mannerism which was epitomised by Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine in Paris. Surrealism grew throughout the 1920s and 1930s, with a focus on the human unconscious - a key idea of Freudian theory. Important Surrealist artists include Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Due to its cultural importance, much of this ideology spread across the globe.

George Hurrell

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