Gary Bower

1940

Artist biography

Gary Bower is regarded as a well established artist, Gary Bower was born in 1940. Artists born in the same year and of the same generation are Anthon Beeke, Ágnes Brokés, Francico Benítez, Clytie Alexander, and Miquel Vilá.

Further Biographical Context for Gary Bower

Born in 1940, Gary Bower was primarily inspired by the 1960s growing up. In the art world, a multitude of significant changes were also taking place. Pop Art, embracing the culture of mass media through the works of Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann, was slowly breaking down the foundations on which the production and reception of art were built. Getting inspired from the imagery of popular culture and mass consumerism, the Pop Artists rejected the authority of highbrow art and created a ground-breaking movement, while Minimalism, simultaneously appearing, was rejecting any form of emotional expression and focused on art’s theoretical aspect – aspiring to pure visual responses. Simplicity and an void of emotions were key concepts in the highly influential movement of Minimalism, represented by artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Bored of the gestural elements of Abstract Expressionism, Minimalist artists focused on producing artworks mainly gathering polished, clean lines and geometrical elements. The very first flourishing of Conceptualism was highly influenced by the simplicity of Minimalism but went further in denying all pre-existing conceptions inherent to art, similarly to what Pop Artists were trying to achieve by elevating popular culture to the status of high art. Several schools of philosophy deeply influenced creatives, Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti were artists heavily persuaded by the ideologies of Existentialism, who achieved worldwide success through their depiction of the human form and the lament often associated with the human condition. globally, a significant number of art movements resonated with the radical changes of the 1960s, often prone to their own regional distinctions. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni created Spatialism, while in Germany, the Zero group adopted similar ideas under the leadership of Günther Uecker.