Gareth James

1970 · United Kingdom

Artist biography

Gareth James is seen as an established mid-career artist, who was born in the United Kingdom. Gareth James was born in 1970. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Chris Ofili, Sam Taylor-Johnson (Taylor-Wood), Chantal Joffe, Tacita Dean and David Shrigley.

Gareth James' Gallery representation

Gareth James' work is on display at Miguel Abreu Gallery located in New York, the United States.

Historical Context of United Kingdom

The UK has been an essential hub for artistic production for centuries. While it accumulated tremendous wealth from colonisation and the ascent of its Empire, it was also exposed to the cultural supremacy of other countries and continents. Throughout the contemporary period, Britain had been largely eclipsed by the influence of its European neighbours on one side, and of the United States on the other. But in the late 19th century, Britain became an important hub in the development of the avant-garde. This includes the Arts and Crafts Movement, a cutting-edge movement paving the way for artist-led organisations, groups and organisational co-operative types that would later develop into a template of sorts for bohemian artists movements of the Twentieth Century. Ground-breaking artistic movements in British modernism include for instance Vorticism, comprised of artists associated with the Bloomsbury group. Some significant British artists of the modern and contemporary period include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley, Paula Rego - and in more recent years the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Chris Ofili and others.

Further Biographical Context for Gareth James

Born in 1970, Gareth James' creative work was predominantly inspired by the 1990s. Art in the 1990s was defined at the start of the decade by a group of artists in the United Kingdom that came to be known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists. They were a diverse group of practitioners, affiliated loosely by their age, nationality, and their association with Goldsmiths and the Royal College of Art in London, as well as being favoured by super collector of the time Charles Saatchi. The most renowned artist of the group is Damien Hirst, who was also an early organiser of group activities. Other artists included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Wood. Much of their work became noted for shock tactics and the sensationalism of both material and message. They also became famed for their use of throwaway materials, wild-living, and an attitude that was simultaneously counter-culture rebellion but also entrepreneurial. They gained considerable amount of media coverage and dominated British art during the 1990s. Their international shows in the mid-1990s included the now legendary ‘Sensation'. Also gaining prominence at this time was an emergent trend in Japan related to the huge boom in advertising and consumerism that took place during the economic dominance of the 1980s. The indigenous comic book culture of manga, allied to trends in advertising, graphic design and packaging, saw a young artist called Takashi Murakami develop his theories which he coined ’Superflat’. Influenced by his experiences in New York City in the mid-1990s, Murakami was to form a significant group called Kaikaikiki, which became internationally renowned as an artistic group.

Gareth James

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