1957 · Netherlands
Frans Mandigers is an established contemporary artist, who was born in the the Netherlands, like other well-known artists such as Lara Verheijden, Robby Müller, Izaak Zwartjes, Michiel Tenbokum, and Martijn Hesseling. Frans Mandigers was born in 1957.
About Frans Mandigers' works
Frans Mandigers' work is characteristic of the fields of Pop and Figuration. Pop art emerged in the 1950s simultaneously across America and Britain, and reached its peak in the 1960s, in a climate of heightened consumerism and cultural revolution. Young artists felt like they couldn’t connect with the current state of art as it was taught or exhibited in museums, which they deemed too distant from their everyday lives. This led them to turn to popular culture as their main subject matter, outraging modernist critics. Among a few of the characteristics listed by pop artist Richard Hamilton, Pop Art should strive to be young, glamorous, sexy, witty, low-cost and mass produced. While in the United States pop artists were essentially trying to move away from the deeply personal symbolism of abstract expressionism, in Britain the movement was more focused on the power of American pop-culture imagery, and its influence on the nation.
Some world-renowned artists praised for their figurative artworks include Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso or Paul Cézanne. Figurative art is a rather broad category, which can be simply designated as being the farthest from abstract art, since it principally consists of the representation of objects or figures holding a strong reference to reality. Although it can be described as such, Figurative art nonetheless remains highly resourceful and inventive, encompassing a multitude of styles and mediums, spanning from Photorealism to Neo-expressionism.
Historical Context of Netherlands
The Netherlands has been recognised as an artistic and cultural centre for centuries, for instance through the global influence of renowned artists such as Jan van Eyck in the fifteenth century. In the 1600s, the Dutch Golden Age saw the rise of such illustrious artists as Rembrandt, Rubens, Vermeer, Van Dyck and Van Ruisdael. Dutch artist Vincent Van Gogh is considered as one of the most significant forerunners of the post-Impressionist era and is seen today as an extraordinary, outstanding painter that has influenced the art sphere regardless of any era or movement. Originally established as a magazine, De Stijl was a movement that established abstract art in the Netherlands, led by Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesberg. De Stijl artists would adopt a visual language solely composed of geometrical shapes, and the movement also had a significant influence on modern architecture as well as design. Gerrit Rietveld was a prominent architect and designer who adopted the ideals and the essence of De Stijl in his work. Willem de Kooning was also a Dutch national, though he migrated to the United States in the earlier years of his life, and his work was predominantly influenced by the Abstract Expressionism movement thriving in New York City in the late 1940s and 1950s.
Further Biographical Context for Frans Mandigers
Frans Mandigers was born in 1957 and was largely inspired by the 1970s. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and progress in the arts, most often characterised as a response to the central stresses of the preceding decade. Conceptual art emerged as a key movement, and was in part an evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the works of art into the extensive outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and looking to engage with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal considerations, creating cryptic and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain importance for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years before, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly powerful figures worldwide. New York maintained an important position in the international art scene, ensuring that international artists continued to flock to the galleries, bars and downtown scene in the city. Towards the end of the 1970s, the emerging practices of graffiti and street art were beginning to gain attention in the fine art community. Artists including Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat were working in downtown Manhattan and guaranteeing that spray paint and tagging gained some egitimacy as a fine art practice, a trend which would fully develop and dominate during the following decade.